NIEBUHR, REINHOLD° (1892–1971), U.S. Protestant theologian who spent most of his teaching career at New York's Union Theological Seminary. Niebuhr brought to this position a social conscience formed during a pastorate in Detroit, Michigan, in the 1920s. Active in many public causes, gifted as a journalist, he fashioned his ethical approach in countless articles and a number of books, the most famous being the Gifford Lectures, The Nature and Destiny of Man (1941–43). Niebuhr frequently acknowledged that his social passion had been born at the side of activist Jews, even as his prophetic realism was nurtured by a reading of the Hebrew prophets. His own preaching reproduces something of their cadences and much of their concern for justice. "I have as a Christian theologian sought to strengthen the Hebraic-prophetic content of the Christian tradition." His conception of Judaism and blatant opposition to Christian missionary activity among Jews are expressed in Chapter 7 of his book Pious and Secular America (1958; publ. in England under the title: The Godly and the Ungodly (1958). By 1941 Niebuhr had begun publicly to advocate a Jewish homeland, particularly for European refugees, though he also wanted to welcome refugees to America. Though consistently arguing that Palestine should be that homeland, he had a reputation for fair-mindedness in Middle Eastern affairs and was not identified with ideological Zionism. He was awarded an honorary doctorate by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1967. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.C. Guthrie, The Theological Character of Reinhold Niebuhr's Social Ethic (1959); G. Harland, The Thought of Reinhold Niebuhr (1960), includes bibliography; N.A. Scott, Reinhold Niebuhr (Eng., 1963), includes bibliography. (Martin E. Marty)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Niebuhr,Reinhold — Niebuhr, Reinhold. 1892 1971. American theologian who argued that Christianity is obligated to confront ethical, social, and moral problems. His works include The Nature and Destiny of Man (1941 1943). * * * …   Universalium

  • Niebuhr, Reinhold — born June 21, 1892, Wright City, Mo., U.S. died June 1, 1971, Stockbridge, Mass. U.S. theologian. The son of an evangelical minister, he studied at Eden Theological Seminary and Yale Divinity School. He was ordained in the Evangelical Synod of… …   Universalium

  • Niebuhr, Reinhold — (1892 1971)    influential theologian and ethicist    Reinhold Niebuhr was born on June 21, 1892, in Wright City, Missouri. His father was a minister in the German Evangelical Synod and his mother the daughter of an Evangelical missionary.… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Niebuhr, Reinhold — (1893–1971)    Theologian.    Niebuhr was born in Missouri. He was the elder brother of Richard Niebuhr, another important theologian. From 1928 until 1960 he taught at the Union Theological Seminary, New York. Influenced by both barth and… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Niebuhr, Reinhold — (1892 1971)    This influential theologian was born Karl Paul Reinhold Niebuhr in Wright City, Wisconsin. Raised in a religious family, Niebuhr graduated from the German Evangelical Synod’s Eden Theological Seminary in St. Louis in 1913 and… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Niebuhr, Reinhold — (21 jun. 1892, Wright City, Mo., EE.UU.–1 jun. 1971, Stockbridge, Mass.). Teólogo estadounidense. Hijo de un ministro evangélico, estudió en Eden Theological Seminary y Yale Divinity School. Fue ordenado en el sínodo evangélico de Norteamérica en …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • NIEBUHR, Reinhold — (1893 197l)    American theologian and brother of Richard NIEBUHR. He was professor at Union Theological Seminary. Active in the creation of the NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CHURCHES, the New York Liberal Party, and Americans for Democratic Action. He… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Reinhold Niebuhr — Born Karl Paul Reinhold Niebuhr June 21, 1892(1892 06 21) Wright City, Missouri Died June 1, 1971 …   Wikipedia

  • Reinhold — is a surname and given name, and may refer to:As a surname: *Erasmus Reinhold, 16th century German astronomer; The lunar crater Reinhold is named after him. *Hugo Reinhold (1854 1935), Austrian composer and pianist *Judge Reinhold, American actor …   Wikipedia

  • Reinhold Niebuhr — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Niebuhr. Karl Paul Reinhold Niebuhr (21 juin 1892 1er juin 1971) était un théologien américain protestant. Il est célèbre pour ses études sur les relations entre la foi chrétienne et la… …   Wikipédia en Français